The Truth About Cannabis

Archive for the ‘History’ Category

Kaneh Bosm: The Hidden Story of Cannabis in the Old Testament

Chris Bennett takes a look at the fascinating references to cannabis in the Old Testament text that have been suggested by anthropologist Sula Benet and other researchers, with interviews from Prof Carl Ruck, Dr. Ethan Russo, David Hillman PhD., as well as drug historians and authors Chris Conrad, Michael Horowitz, Martin Lee, and Michael Aldrich. Included is a discussion of the linguistics behind the theory as well as a look at the references in context of the Biblical story line and the use of cannabis by the surrounding cultures who influenced the Jewish cosmology, such as the Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Canaanites and Scythians.

 

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Grow Hemp !!!

Grow Hemp

Run From The Cure – Rick Simpson

The following presentation of RUN FROM THE CURE: The Rick Simpson Story was made possible by Rick Simpson and video producer Christian Laurette… made for free to teach YOU how to heal yourself of disease and illness using cannabinoids.

Hemp And The Rule Of Law

Eco Friendly Hemp Seed Uses

Hemp is one of the planet’s most versatile and abundant plants, able to be used in a wide variety of products that impact the Earth in a low or positive way. Hemp seed uses range from nutritional supplements and body care products to environmentally friendly engine fuel. Hemp seed uses also include the creation of fibers and clothing, plastics, varnishes and other substances which are currently created with the aid of poisonous fossil fuels that destroy our environment and the life it supports !

Growing hemp crops reduces co2 in the air. In fact, hemp uses more co2 to grow than any other plant on the planet !

Hemp needs no chemicals to grow

Hemp supports local and regional sustainable development

Hemp provides nutrients for other crops in rotation growing, increasing yields.

Hemp plants can grow up to 16 feet in 100 days, and are so hardy they typically do not require the aid of pesticides.

Hemp can produce 250% more fibre than cotton and 600% more fibre than flax using the same amount of land.

 

Hemp Seed Uses for Nutrition and Body Care

Hemp seed oil contains 53%-60% of linoleic acid (LA and LNA), making it a rich source of omega fatty acids. The human body requires essential fatty acids for health but cannot produce them internally, therefore it is necessary to include them in the diet. Essential fatty acids affect brain function, cellular function, inflammation, mood, behavior and more. They also transfer oxygen to cells throughout the body, and are involved in maintaining the oxygen within the cell, which prevents the induction of viruses and bacteria that cannot live in the presence of oxygen. Including hemp seed old in the diet can circumvent many common health risks such as heart disease, cancer, arthritis, high cholesterol, diabetes, muscular sclerosis, skin conditions and more.

Organic Hemp seed oil is as effective when used externally as when taken internally. The essential fatty acids found in it both moisturize and replenish the skin with gamma linoleic acids, which are enormously effective for skin care, but not found in the body’s natural oils.

Hemp Seed Uses for Paints and Varnishes

Hemp oil extract is a perfect ingredient for anything that has an oil base, including non-toxic, environmentally friendly paints, varnishes and inks. Hemp oil is water resistant and when applied to wood as a varnish or paint, it soaks deeply into the wood grain. This protects the wood, rendering it water resistant as well. Hemp paint was enormously popular with artists in the past, including Rembrandt, Thomas Gainsborough and Vincent Van Gogh, who all used hemp paint, canvases, solvents, cleaners and lubricating oils.

Organic Hemp Seed for Fuel and Bio-Energy

Henry Ford produced the first automobile using 70% hemp plastics and hemp-based materials in the body of the car. It was designed to run on vegetable oils, including hemp seed oil. He proved the strength of his creation to the world in a still famous photograph of himself wielding a hammer at the car, to show how strong the plant fibers were. However, Mr. Ford’s progress in this direction was halted due to the “Marijuana” Tax Act of 1937.

Hemp seed is a natural choice as an energy crop because it has more biomass potential than crops such as sugarcane and corn. It grows more quickly than other crops because it photosynthesizes more quickly than other crops. In four months hemp can create 10 tons of biomass per acre. Every acre of hemp has the potential to yield roughly 1,000 gallons of methanol.

Why Hemp Bio Fuel?

  • Biodiesel is the only alternative fuel that runs in any conventional, unmodified diesel engine. It can be stored anywhere that petroleum diesel fuel is stored.

  • Biodiesel is safe to handle and transport because it is as biodegradable as sugar, 10 times less toxic than table salt, and has a high flashpoint of about 300 F compared to petroleum diesel fuel, which has a flash point of 125 F.

  • Biodiesel can be made from domestically produced, renewable oilseed crops such as Hemp.

  • Biodiesel is a proven fuel with over 30 million successful US road miles, and over 20 years of use in Europe.

  • When burned in a diesel engine, biodiesel replaces the exhaust odor of petroleum diesel with the pleasant smell of Hemp, popcorn or French fries.

  • Biodiesel is the only alternative fuel in the US to complete EPA Tier I Health Effects Testing under section 211(b) of the Clean Air Act, which provide the most thorough inventory of environmental and human health effects attributes that current technology will allow.

  • Biodiesel is 11% oxygen by weight and contains no sulfur. The use of biodiesel can extend the life of diesel engines because it is more lubricating than petroleum diesel fuel, while fuel consumption, auto ignition, power output, and engine torque are relatively unaffected by biodiesel.

  • The Congressional Budget Office, Department of Defense, US Department of Agriculture, and others have determined that biodiesel is the low cost alternative fuel option for fleets to meet requirements of the Energy Policy Act.

Organic Hemp Seed Uses for Plastics

Our culture uses plastics for so many products it is impossible to categorize and count them. As plastic are oil based, hemp seed is a natural alternative to environmentally dangerous petroleum based plastics that never biodegrade and destroy wildlife. Currently, the U.S. creates over 60 billion pounds of plastic trash every year that goes into landfills and delicate ecosystems, like our oceans. Under 30 years ago this number was no more than 4 billion.

Earth friendly plastics made from hemp seed could create biodegradable products including cellophane, office supplies, automotive parts and supplies, bottles and bags, toys and more.

Organic Hemp seed uses span virtually the entire market of products we rely on for daily health and convenience. It is a viable and inexpensive alternative to hazardous, petroleum based products, and is safer for our bodies, our environment and our planet as a whole.

Hemp Textiles

From the dawn of civilization, hemp has been used to make cloth and clothing. Today hemp is used to make a variety of textiles and items including clothing, sheets, towels, bath mats, shower curtains, rugs, tablecloths, place mats, and backpacks. The cloth produced is defined by the methods of both cultivation and production. Hemp cloth may be as fine as silk or linen, or as coarse as canvas tarp. 
Hemp clothing is more absorbent and provides more insulation than cotton, keeping the wearer warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer. The fibers are superior at absorbing dyes and screening out the sun’s rays, making the cloth less prone to fading.  Cloth can be made with 100% hemp or hemp can be blended with cotton, linen, or silk. 

The original Levi’s jeans, made for Sierra Nevada gold rushers, were made of rugged hemp sailcloth !

 

Interesting Fact: In 1611, the King James Bible was printed on hemp paper.

 

 

 

 

ACHIEVING A SUSTAINABLE PLANET!

* Hemp is among the earth’s primary renewable resources: trees cut down to make paper take 50 to 500 years to grow back while hemp can be cultivated in as little as 100 days, and can yield 4 times more paper over a 20 year period.

* Hemp does not require pesticides: while half the pollutants in the U.S. today are sprayed on cotton plants, hemp is naturally mildew resistant, requires no pesticides, and maintains a healthy environment for the surrounding streams, air, flora and fauna.

* Hemp slows ozone depletion: the industrial use of fossil fuels, like petroleum, contributes to global warming by rapidly increasing the amount of CO2 in our atmosphere; however, hemp fuels, derived from the plant itself, maintain the earth’s natural O2/CO2 balance.

* Hemp Paper Can Save the Forests! One acre of cannabis hemp, in annual rotation over a twenty year period would produce asmuch pulp for paper as 4.1 acres of trees being cut down over the same twenty year period. And while hemp reaches full growth and can be harvested every year, the trees which are cut down take hundreds of years to return. The process of making paper from hemp uses only 1/5 to 1/7 as much polluting, sulfer-based chemicals and does not require the use of any chlorine bleach.

* Hemp as an Ecological, Renewable Fuel Source. Hemp can also produce 10 times more methanol than corn,. the second best living fuelsource. Hemp as fuel is renewable whereas oil is not.

* Hemp as fuel is environmentally beneficial: It enriches and prevents erosions, it burns clean and sulfur-free while oil’s sulfur content causes acid rain.

 We need to save our planet TODAY !!! LEGALIZE HEMP NOW !!!

 

 

 

 

Medicinal Cannabis History

Superstar of the 19TH Century

 Marijuana was America’s number-one analgesic for 60 years before the rediscovery of aspirin around 1900. From 1842 to 1900, cannabis made up half of all medicine sold, with virtually no fear of its high.

The 1839 report on the uses of cannabis by Dr. W.B. O’Shaugnessy, one of the most respected members of the Royal Academy of Science, was just as important to mid-19th century Western medicine as the discoveries of antibiotics (like penicillin and Terramycin) were to mid-20th century medicine.

In fact, the Committee on Cannabis Indica for the Ohio State Medical Society concluded that “High Biblical commentators [scholars]” believe “that the gall and vinegar, or myrrhed wine, offered to our Saviour immediately before his crucifixion was, in all probability, a preparation of Indian hemp.”

(Transcripts, Ohio State Medical Society 15th annual meeting, June 12-14, 1860, pg. 75-100.)

From 1850 to 1937, the U. S. Pharmacopoeia listed cannabis as the primary medicine for more than 100 separate illnesses or diseases.

During all this time (pre-1000 B.C. to 1940s A.D.), researchers, doctors and drug manufacturers (Eli Lilly, Parke-Davis, Squibb, etc.) had no idea what the active ingredients of cannabis were until Dr. Mechoulam discovered THC in 1964.

Ref: The Emperor Wears No Clothes

By Jack Herer

The History of Cannabis Hemp

In 1619, America’s first marijuana law was enacted at Jamestown Colony, Virginia, “ordering” all farmers to “make tryal of “(grow) Indian hempseed. More mandatory (must-grow) hemp cultivation laws were enacted in Massachusetts in 1631, in Connecticut in 1632 and in the Chesapeake Colonies into the mid-1700s.

Even in England, the much-sought-after prize of full British citizenship was bestowed by a decree of the crown on foreigners who would grow cannabis, and fines were often levied against those who refused.

Cannabis hemp was legal tender (money) in most of the Americas from 1631 until the early 1800s. Why? To encourage American farmers to grow more.1

You could pay your taxes with cannabis hemp throughout America for over 200 years.2

You could even be jailed in America for not growing cannabis during several periods of shortage, e.g., in Virginia between 1763 and 1767.

(Herndon, G.M., Hemp in Colonial Virginia, 1963; The Chesapeake Colonies, 1954; L.A. Times, August 12, 1981; et al.)

George Washington and Thomas Jefferson grew cannabis on their plantations. Jefferson,3 while envoy to France, went to great expense, and even considerable risk to himself and his secret agents, to procure particularly good hempseeds smuggled illegally into Turkey from China. The Chinese Mandarins (political rulers) so valued their hemp seed that they made its exportation a capital offense.

The Chinese character “Ma” was the earliest name for hemp. By the 10th century, A.D., Ma had become the generic term for fibers of all kinds, including jute and ramie. By then, the word for hemp had become “Ta-ma” or “Da-ma” meaning “great hemp.”

The United States Census of 1850 counted 8,327 hemp “plantations”* (minimum 2,000-acre farms) growing cannabis hemp for cloth, canvas and even the cordage used for baling cotton. Most of these plantations were located in the South or in the Border States, primarily because of the cheap slave labor available prior to 1865 for the labor-intensive hemp industry.

(U.S. Census, 1850; Allen, James Lane, The Reign of Law, A Tale of the Kentucky Hemp Fields, MacMillan Co., NY, 1900; Roffman, Roger. Ph.D., Marijuana as Medicine, Mendrone Books, WA, 1982.)

*This figure does not include the tens of thousands of smaller farms growing cannabis, nor the hundreds of thousands if not millions of family hemp patches in America; nor does it take into account that well into this century 80% of America’s hemp consumption for 200 years still had to be imported from Russia, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Poland, etc..

Benjamin Franklin started one of America’s first paper mills with cannabis. This allowed America to have a free colonial press without having to beg or justify the need for paper and books from England.

In addition, various marijuana and hashish extracts were the first, second or third most-prescribed medicines in the United States from 1842 until the 1890s. Its medicinal use continued legally through the 1930s for humans and figured even more prominently in American and world veterinary medicines during this time.

Cannabis extract medicines were produced by Eli Lilly, Parke-Davis, Tildens, Brothers Smith (Smith Brothers), Squibb and many other American and European companies and apothecaries. During all this time there was not one reported death from cannabis extract medicines, and virtually no abuse or mental disorders reported, except for first-time or novice-users occasionally becoming disoriented or overly introverted.

(Mikuriya, Tod, M.D., Marijuana Medical Papers, Medi-Comp Press, CA, 1973; Cohen, Sidney & Stillman, Richard, Therapeutic Potential of Marijuana, Plenum Press, NY, 1976.)

World Historical Notes

“The earliest known woven fabric was apparently of hemp, which began to be worked in the eighth millennium (8,000-7,000 B.C.).” (The Columbia History of the World, 1981, page 54.)

The body of literature (i.e., archaeology, anthropology, philology, economy, history) pertaining to hemp is in general agreement that, at the very least:

From more than 1,000 years before the time of Christ until 1883 A.D., cannabis hemp, indeed, marijuana was our planet’s largest agricultural crop and most important industry, involving thousands of products and enterprises; producing the overall majority of Earth’s fiber, fabric, lighting oil, paper, incense and medicines. In addition, it was a primary source of essential food oil and protein for humans and animals.

According to virtually every anthropologist and university in the world, marijuana was also used in most of our religions and cults as one of the seven or so most widely used mood-, mind-or pain-altering drugs when taken as psychotropic, psychedelic (mind-manifesting or -expanding) sacraments.

Almost without exception, these sacred (drug) experiences inspired our superstitions, amulets, talismans, religions, prayers, and language codes. (See Chapter10 on “Religions and Magic.”)

(Wasson, R. Gordon, Soma, Divine Mushroom of Immortality; Allegro, J.M., Sacred Mushroom & the Cross, Doubleday, NY, 1969; Pliny; Josephus; Herodotus; Dead Sea Scrolls; Gnostic Gospels; the Bible; Ginsberg Legends Kaballah, c. 1860; Paracelsus; British Museum; Budge; Ency. Britannica, Pharmacological Cults; Schultes & Wasson, Plants of the Gods; Research of: R.E. Schultes, Harvard Botanical Dept.; Wm. EmBoden, Cal State U., Northridge; et al.)

Ref: The Emperor Wears No Clothes

By Jack Herer

Overview of the History of Cannabis Hemp

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